The current landscape of international relations is undergoing significant transformations, and Europe is not immune to these changes. Concerns are growing in Central European states, particularly Hungary, over Europe’s ability to compete and collaborate effectively in the face of shifting global dynamics. In light of these challenges, Balázs Orbán, a Hungarian parliament member, has presented a proposal for the “Revival of Europe.”
This proposal aims to address the decline of Western hegemony and prepare Europe for a multipolar, post-Western world.
Balázs Orbán’s proposal highlights the diminishing dominance of the West in international relations. This decline is evident across three fundamental pillars: economic, institutional, and collaborative. Historically, the West has held a dominant position in these areas, shaping the global order according to its interests and values. However, with the rise of other powers and regions, such as Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa, the balance of power is shifting.
One crucial aspect of the proposal revolves around the imposition of the neoliberal model. While this model has been a hallmark of Western economic policies, it has also led to alienation and closer cooperation among adversaries. Central European states are concerned that the rigid application of neoliberal principles has resulted in growing inequality, both within Europe and globally. This has caused some Eastern European countries to reassess their alignment with Western approaches and explore alternative economic strategies that better suit their unique challenges and objectives.
The Eastern European region’s economic output has witnessed a surge, signaling a shift in the global center of gravity. While the West has long been the epicenter of economic power, the rise of Eastern European economies has contributed to a more balanced distribution of economic influence. This has significant implications for Europe’s position in the global economic landscape and necessitates a recalibration of economic policies and partnerships to leverage the potential of these emerging economies.
The proposal emphasizes the need for Europe to adapt to the emerging multipolar world order. The rise of alternative power centers and shifting alliances requires Europe to be proactive in building robust diplomatic, economic, and security relations.
Central European states seek a more autonomous and assertive Europe that can navigate this new geopolitical reality and safeguard its interests effectively.
As Europe faces these challenges and recalibrates its approach, it must reimagine its role in the world. This includes fostering partnerships with emerging economies, enhancing regional integration and cooperation, and projecting a unified and proactive foreign policy stance. Central European states, in particular, have an opportunity to play a pivotal role in shaping Europe’s engagement with the broader international community.
As the global landscape becomes more multipolar and post-Western, Europe must adapt its security strategies to address emerging challenges. The proposal underscores the need for Europe to prepare for this new geopolitical reality by enhancing its diplomatic and security relations. It calls for Europe to foster partnerships with emerging economies and build stronger regional cooperation to maintain stability and security in the region. The war in Ukraine serves as a stark reminder of the complexities in the global security landscape, prompting Europe to reassess its role in the conflict and its engagement with authoritarian regimes. By navigating security challenges with a more assertive and autonomous approach, Europe can contribute to a peaceful and secure world.
The shift in the center of economic gravity towards the East has significant implications for Europe’s economic landscape. As Eastern European economies experience substantial growth in global economic output, they become indispensable partners for the United States and other global powers. Central European states, being economic powerhouses at the continent’s center, can play a pivotal role in shaping economic policies and partnerships within Europe and beyond. The proposal’s emphasis on reconsidering the neoliberal model also holds potential ramifications for Europe’s economic policies. It calls for addressing growing inequality and exploring alternative economic strategies that better suit the unique challenges and objectives of Central European states. By reevaluating the neoliberal model, Europe can promote more inclusive and sustainable economic development.
Balázs Orbán’s proposal for the “Revival of Europe” reflects the growing concerns among Central European states about Europe’s declining influence and ability to adapt to the changing global dynamics. As the West’s hegemony erodes, Europe must prepare for a multipolar, post-Western world. The proposal calls for a critical reassessment of the neoliberal model’s impact, as well as an exploration of new economic strategies to address inequality and leverage emerging economies’ potential. Furthermore, Europe must embrace a more proactive and autonomous role in the global arena to navigate the complexities of a multipolar world order successfully. By doing so, Europe can revitalize its position as a leading player in international affairs and promote stability, cooperation, and prosperity on the global stage.
Asma Khan Durrani is an Islamabad-based expert in Strategic Affairs. She is a student of Defence and Strategic Studies. She has done M.Phil. from SPIR Quaid-I-Azam University Islamabad. She has also been published internationally. She tweets @AsmaKhan_47 Mailed @ email@example.com