The geopolitical fault line between East and West has shifted from West to East, moving westward. The significance of China’s impact cannot be established immediately because of the unpredictability of the Middle East. With the emerging geopolitical environment in the area and its effects on both war and peace, the Middle Eastern nations have altered their foreign strategies and built new alliances while preserving old ones.
The reconciliation between Iran and Saudi Arabia aids American efforts to pressure Israel. The Israeli Democratic Party has stronger ties to American Democrats, as is widely recognized. President Biden challenged Prime Minister Netanyahu’s authority by requesting a cease-fire during Israel’s conflict with Hamas in 2021. Several Democrats also urged Biden to be dangerous and tough in regard to Israel’s policy decisions. Neftali Bennett rose to prominence as a result of Washington’s mistrust of Netanyahu’s cabinet, which ultimately led to Netanyahu’s resignation. During the Obama administration, Netanyahu made a trip from Israel to the US to express his disapproval of the JCPOA. Obama, on the other hand, disagreed with Netanyahu’s concerns and even disapproved of his speech to the US Congress.
The US has once again been able to undermine its authority and support base now that Netanyahu has returned and is causing serious internal strife and division. The new Saudi-Iran peace accord serves as a timely reminder to Israel of its reliance on the United States and the consequences of acting carelessly. Israel has been the nation most concerned about the agreement. The alliance of two significant regional superpowers, one of which is a fierce rival, poses a threat to Israel’s security and continued existence. A significant resurgence of the Palestinian issue is currently occurring. And this will have a big impact on both Arab society and Arab leaders’ mindsets. It resembles going back in time almost exactly. We’re back at a key time in Middle Eastern history when the Palestinian issue was at stake.
China’s participation in mediating between Iran and Saudi Arabia brought the Palestine problem to prominence.
De-dollarization will reduce Middle Eastern countries’ assertiveness in the global economic system and their reliance on the US now that China is moving towards commerce in local currencies. The two long-standing Middle Eastern rivals, Israel and Palestine, may be brought together through mediation, which would have huge geopolitical and symbolic repercussions for China.
Will China mediate between Israel and Palestine? That is the question that now arises. Will the agreement hold up over time? China mediated the agreement between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Being uncommitted to any particular conclusion, China can engage in this activity with relatively minimal risk and tremendous gain. “Better diplomatic relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran will lessen the likelihood of regional violence and tensions.” That is advantageous to regional players, the United States, and China alike. Since Beijing purchases oil from Saudi Arabia and Iran, the Gulf is a vital source of energy for Beijing, and as such, Beijing has a “clear interest” in promoting regional ties and stability. The Persian Gulf conflict would, after all, “affect China’s energy supply and economic interests.” It is highly difficult for the United States to take a conciliatory role given that it is increasingly taking sides in regional wars as a co-belligerent. China has managed to stay out of the conflict between Saudi Arabia and Iran, which gives it the potential to help bring about peace.
China has adopted the idea of a peaceful ascent and a non-interference policy towards others because it has always chosen an inward-looking approach and avoided interfering with others. China is currently forming diplomatic, political, and economic alliances with other nations and acting as a mediator for international issues. China has historically taken part in peacekeeping operations and has served as a peacekeeping nation in the past. China pledged economic engagement in the case of Libya and backed the UN-sponsored Government of National Accord (GNA); in Yemen, China urged the international community to respect Yemen’s sovereignty. He played a key role in setting up a meeting between the Houthis and the UN Special Envoy in 2017, and he also spoke out against Yemen’s human rights abuses. In contrast to the West’s approach of imposing its value systems on indigenous people, it has chosen multilateral means for resolving international issues and has served as a mediator.
Because it takes into account the interests of all states, including Israel and Palestine, the mediation will not be unilateral. China also has stakes in the Middle East because of its energy needs and the BRI project.
A more multilateral approach to global security is what China sees as the driving force behind its desire to develop an alternative to the US-led global order.
The United States will increasingly look to China and Russia for peace agreements and negotiations as its influence in the Middle East and around the world declines. Therefore, it may be argued that the settlement will be viable if it is a multi-party mediation with regional holdings in general and governmental interests in particular.
The author is an MPhil Scholar at the School of Politics and International Relations, Quaid I Azam University Islamabad. Her areas of interest are Middle East and South Asia, International Law, and Gender Issues. The author can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org. She Tweets: @maria_mansab