Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, a well-known German philosopher, gave rise to a philosophy
that one school of thought would give some extreme viewpoints which would be called as
“Thesis”. Contrary to this, people, opposing the former school of thought, would give some extreme thoughts that would counter the former ones which would be called an “Anti-thesis”. At last, new thoughts would emerge by compiling these, thesis and anti-thesis, to provide the mesial way, and that would be called “Synthesis”. If it is observed in today’s scenario, it can easily be examined in the form of G-7/G-20 (developed economic countries) and BRICS (developing economic countries).

BRICS comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa is an organization that was made in 2009 to assist each other. This came into being right after the economic crisis of 2008. When an economic crisis occurs, a developed nation like the G-7 does not abet other nations which ultimately urges these countries to build an organization to assist each other and do economic collaborations.

The actual motive of BRICS is to promote trade and development across the countries in the region. Besides, there is another promise to work collectively on climate issues and honor commitments regarding that.

Today, BRICS has expanded its horizons. It has added 6 new members which are considered significant in their regions. These countries are Iran, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, and Argentina. All these countries are imperative because of the enrichment of natural resources and geographical locations. Moreover, it is also thought that soon, this organization will expand further, and it will challenge the incumbent global order. Therefore, it is considered a menace for the West because the present world order is more tilted towards the West, to be very specific United States of America (USA).

This organization is conspicuously confronting the G-7 countries. It is because currently, G-7 countries control 30% of the global economy whereas BRICS has held over 31.5% of the world economy. Besides, it is challenging the West in many other ways like investment in developing countries, political dominancy, and attracting other countries towards them. Reconciliation between Iran and KSA by China is a prominent example of it. Moreover,

De-dollarization is one the foremost phenomena that is created by BRICS to face-off west, to be precise USA.

It is because all the trade is occurring in dollars that gives a major edge to the USA over other countries. However, the way China has introduced its currency, the Yuan, in the international market shows that it will confront the dollar soon. At present time, 8 countries are doing trade in yuan, which covers 2.77% of the global economy. From this, it can be said that BRICS is creating hurdles for today’s global order and will challenge the world directly soon.

Although BRICS is confronting G-7 countries the important question is still not answered. Is BRICS united internally? This is the most important question which is still looking for a prudent answer. This is because countries in the BRICS has a different form of government; China and Russia have the authoritative form of government whereas India, Brazil, and South Africa have democracy. Likewise, China and Russia have precarious relations with the West and the USA, but India and South Africa have normal ties with the Western bloc. This shows that BRICS countries have differences in their forms of government and foreign policies that raise reasonable questions regarding the unity of BRICS internally.

If the addendum of other members of BRICS is considered, it can be asked why is
Is Pakistan not inculcating in the organizations? To answer this question, the economy should be examined first. Pakistan is on the brink of default, and it has no foreign reserves to fulfill its basic commodities via imports. If this scenario is taken then Argentina has the same scenario, they are officially declared as default countries though. From this, it can be said that the economy is not the case. However, the basic reason for incorporating Pakistan into to BRICS organization is its political tilt toward the West.

Though BRICS’ addendum countries are facing distinct challenges their affairs with the West are not deep-rooted.

Pakistan has a deep political connection USA and the West; therefore, commentators are of the opinion that Pakistan has not been included in the BRICS Plus. The world is rapidly changing from a west to a south-south cooperation model. Therefore, Pakistan must take some judicious steps to attract BRICS countries, but those actions should not be in a way that antagonizes the West and the USA. The foremost step that Pakistan should take is to overcome the political influence of the West and the USA in domestic politics. This step would be found as the cornerstone for Pakistan to grab the attention of the rising world. Therefore, Pakistan should promote educated political leadership that promotes neutral policies and does not go for blocs.

Secondly, Pakistan is required to improve its economic ties with BRICS countries. It should
improve its economic ties with India because it is its neighboring country. This will not only
improve the ties with India, but it will also be found a grave assistance in the economy.
Likewise, Pakistan should improve its economic and political ties with Russia. By normalizing ties with these countries, it would be a great chance to grab the official invitation to join the BRICS.

Thirdly, Pakistan is rich in natural resources. It should utilize the concept of a win-win situation and entice countries like China and Russia to collaborate and extract these natural resources. This will not only help Pakistan to extract its natural resources, but it will also assist Pakistan to improve its ties with these countries and get economic benefits. Via this, there would be a great chance for Pakistan to be inculcated into the BRICS organization.

BRICS has addendum 6 new numbers which shows that it is now confronting the existing world order. It is challenging the global world order, and G-7 countries, in different spheres.

Although, they have incorporated new members a pertinent question has remained about the unanimity of the BRICS internally. Pakistan is a country located in the vicinity of two giant BRICS members, but it is not embodied in the organization. There are many reasons behind it; however, Pakistan can get a formal or official invitation from BRICS countries if it follows the aforementioned steps.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email